Chief Michael L. Smith
Emergency Management Director
10 Loring Drive, Framingham, MA 01702
Phone: 508-620-4942, Fax: 508-620-4946
FEMA Fact Sheet: Floods And Flash Floods
Mitigation pays. It includes any activities that prevent an emergency, reduce the chance of an emergency happening, or lessen the damaging effects of unavoidable emergencies. Investing in mitigation steps now such as constructing barriers such as levees and purchasing flood insurance will help reduce the amount of structural damage to your home and financial loss from building and crop damage should a flood or flash flood occur.
Find out if you live in a flood-prone area from your local emergency
management office or Red Cross chapter.
Learn flood warning signs and your community alert signals.
Request information on preparing for floods and flash floods.
If you live in a frequently flooded area, stockpile emergency building
Have check valves installed in building sewer traps to prevent flood
watersfrom backing up in sewer drains.
Plan and practice an evacuation route.
This plan should include information on the safest routes to shelters. Individuals living in flash flood areas should have several alternative routes.
Have disaster supplies on hand.
Develop an emergency communication plan.
Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to serve as the "family contact." After a disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Make sure everyone in the family knows the name, address, and phone number of the contact person.
Make sure that all family members know how to respond after a flood or
Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1, police, fire department, and whichradio station to tune to for emergency information.
Learn about the National Flood Insurance Program.
DURING A FLOOD WATCH
DURING A FLOOD
If In A Car:
DURING AN EVACUATION
Flood dangers do not end when the water begins to recede. Listen to a radio ortelevision and don't return home until authorities indicate it is safe to do so.
Remember to help your neighbors who may require special assistance--infants,elderly people, and people with disabilities.
Inspect foundations for cracks or other damage.
Stay out of buildings if flood waters remain around the building.
When entering buildings, use extreme caution.
Look for fire hazards.
Throw away food--including canned goods--that has come in contact withflood waters.
Pump out flooded basements gradually (about one-third of the water per day) toavoid structural damage.
Service damaged septic tanks, cesspools, pits, and leaching systems as soon as possible. Damaged sewage systems are health hazards.
INSPECTING UTILITIES IN A DAMAGED HOME
Check for gas leaks--If you smell gas or hear blowing or hissing noise, open a window andquickly leave the building. Turn off the gas at the outside main valve if you canand call the gas company from a neighbor's home. If you turn off the gas forany reason, it must be turned back on by a professional.
Look for electrical system damage--If you see sparks or broken or frayed wires, or if yousmell hot insulation, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. If youhave to step in water to get to the fuse box or circuit breaker, call an electricianfor advice.
Check for sewage and water lines damage--If you suspect sewage lines are damaged avoidusing the toilets and call a plumber. If water pipes are damaged, contact the water companyand avoid the water from the tap. You can obtain safe water by melting ice cubes.
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